Skills – Segments of the Creative Media Industries

When it comes to skills needed in the Media Industry, there are 4 ‘Segments of the Creative Industries’ which make up the industry today, being so independent you don’t need to be skilled in all 4 to be able to get a job in that specific segment. The 4 Segments are;

  • Services – This includes Advertising, a job that involved using the online Media world to promote their product or a company, mainly in the form of a visual advertisement they can be from posters, to adverts on the television. Designing is also a huge part of the services segment as it is the key to media, it could be working as a planner, creating new blueprints for an architectural freelance, designing new cars or anything that needs to be designed and drawn up. Fashion is one of the biggest services in the world as its constantly growing and changing due to the styles that people want, making a new item of clothing for a celebrity or a branded company such as, River Island, Top Man or TK Maxx, a huge segment to the services industry.
  • Content – Games today is the fastest growing industry, being one of the most popular trending things today, it’s always improving and is looking for people to make the new top games, with it being such a large industry it means there are so many jobs, but for the big titles it can be difficult to find a place in their team. Film, TV and Radio are all different forms of content but come together as they are different forms of each other since media is so large, they are always looking for new people to bring something new to the table and make their department better. Publishing is something that not many people think of as its been around for so long, but it’s one of the main content created industry in the world, being anything from Literature to music to Information, everyone is using it and it will always be used as its made for the public to utilise and see. One of the smaller industries in the content segment is the Performing Arts, as its being going on for so long, it’s still holding a place in the industry but has been taken over by the larger industries such as Games and Films that are easier for people to get a hold of. Although they are small they are always looking for the next star to take the industry forward to the future.
  • Artefacts – Fine arts is a piece of visual art, that reflects on the creator and require a huge amount of skill to become a talent and recognised one, on the same job role as a fashion designer, creating something for someone or for a company to sell on or showcase, there is a large amount of money in the industry and being so hard to get into and recognised means there are not a lot of people who aim to become one of the many fine art famous artists.
  • Social Media – This is as big as the Gaming world, having its top trending websites in the world being to blame for how popular it is, YouTube, Facebook and any other sort of website that is related to social media have made normal people gain jobs just by posting videos of themselves online for others to view, with many thousands of YouTubers around the world becoming famous for the work they make whether it’s Blogging, Video Content, Discussion or Reviewing, the companies that have made this happen are always updating and looking for someone to come up with a new idea on how to change the next 10 years of the social media world.

Action Plan

In my Action Plan, I will be speaking about all of the skills I believe that i have learned and gained over the years, along side it will be my examples of it and how I got to the stage of what i can do now.

When researching in the past, I’ve learnt a variety of research techniques on the way. Most of the content that I have gathered has been from the Internet which I have linked to the website when speaking about it. For example a recent task was to find out about some of the roles in media production, which I had to find a range of jobs and learn what each one was and how they operate, these are the times which I use the copy and paste although, all of the work that have copied has been quoted and referred at the bottom of the text (write-up), when I use another website I read through their information and scan for the key points, when I have made a list of the information I will then turn the bullet points into my own words so that I have understood the work that I am doing and that I can write my own definitions and answers for the question.

On the right side of the text is the document where I had to make a write up for the roles in media, clearly shown, I have copy-paste-examplenames the jobs first then my write-up on the job of my choice, at the end of the text that I have written I have added the website so that the moderator can check for any suspicion of copy and pasting. In the future I will have to add the reference to my work so that if my work gets tested for copy and paste, I will have a point for the moderators to check back too and see what the page said at the time of which I did the work.

A skill that I am constantly improving on is Photoshop, a software that allows you to make almost anything without a limit, I would like to think that I know more that the average person on the program as I’ve worked with it for a few years on multiple tasks. With it having so many tools it allows me to get exactly what I’m looking for, for a recent task I made a Corporate Identity which is a logo that represents my work, I decided to look around on the internet and found out what other people use as theirs, knowing that I did not want to make it too detailed or too large, I made a blue border out of simple shapes and then added incorporate-identity some of the mountains online which I changed by  cropping the background out, changing the complete color and tracing along the top to get the simple cartoon design as my final piece, although its nothing big in scale It gave me more room to put text in the PowerPoint or whichever reason I would be using the design for which was a bonus.

In Level 2 Media I made an animation using Photoshop with included using the picture line, I used YouTube to teach myself how to use the programs feature, at the same time I used the Adobe Premiere Pro program which I needed to make the animation come together and to edit the animation to be in sync and smooth with its frames being in order, this program also involved me using YouTube to learn myself how to use the program. I added the links that I used in that project to teach myself, I also named all of the You-tubers in my write-up so that I make it clear I’m not claiming that I’ve done the work myself. boy-frame-timingThe picture on the right is the animation in the edit mode, having all of the swords movements planned out before the animation started was something I decided to use myself so I had an idea of what it was going to look like, and if I missed any of the frames out I could add them back in.

In Level 3 Unit 1, I made a music video re-creation which was taking a music video and remaking it as close as I could, in this task, I learned many new camera techniques which I didn’t have in the first place, with the music video I chose being “Faded” I had to make sure I got all of the angles to make them look the same. From this unit I think that camera angles is a new skill for me as I spent a lot of time re-shooting to get the perfect shot and the final outcome was very successful, having hit all of the angles that I could physically with the limitations, I believe that I can now use a camera and capture the angles that matter and make something stand out, filming in general is something I now feel much stronger about, having the ability to plan out where the actor/object is going to be and the path that I have to move to get the best shot Is something that I feel I’m skilled at.

As I’m learning about cameras I’ve started to use ‘manual focus’ as it allows me to get the best looking shot and closest to what I need, having the correct light rays and darkness in the shot is key and using manual makes it more accurate and in some cases easier to get what you want out of the shot. manual-focusAs to the right as an example of where I have used the ‘manual focus’ to get the right lighting, going for the dim look to an old abandoned building I had to change the ISO lower so that the light level in the car park was ignored, which then allowed me to get this shot. Doing this also makes the editing slightly more easily as I’d already done the removal of the light rays and the un-balanced shadows, which saves more time in the long run.

Using cameras is something new to me as I’ve never really used for something other than taking a photo of something using my phone, now I’ve began this course and picked one of the DSLR I’ve been trying to improve my skills in the photo world, by getting my own and practicing on little things and experimenting on objects, people and nature. I’ve managed to picked up some skills on getting the picture to have some sort of story and back-drop to it, different angles and random objects have helped me understand the depth of a photo and the detail/focus in every shot,a few photos that I’m proud of myself and show some skill in capturing the moment so others can live it for themselves, are ones I’ve took time in the detail of the shot and the surroundings.

photo-example-mixed

The 3 pictures that are shown above are some of the ones that I am most proud of, being my family also, I’ve tried to capture everything possible in one shot, the emotions of the baby looking straight into the lens with the war blue behind him which also symbolizes friendliness and the calm personality of the person. This was made by changing the filter of the lens and using the manual focus to achieve the soft edges and blurred background.

The photo of the moon was intended to have a chilling vibe to it, having a complete moon shining through a gap in the clouds which you can see the outlines of, the lighting on the shot was something that I wanted to pick up clearly, having the moon giving off this huge amount of light and almost lighting the sky, it was something I could capture with the ISO being high so that it was lightphoto-example-4 sensitive and the focus being beamed to the middle, you can see the cloud that is sitting in front of it, yet still being broken through with the power of the light which is being given off creating the gloom effect, illuminating the edge the of clouds making a theme of some sort of horror based atmosphere.

On Unit 1, making the music video was a big challenge for me as I’ve never had to plan/record/edit/colour correct, all 4 of the sections were new to me as I had to make sure I put all of my effort and dedication into them to get the right video at the end, the one section that was new to me and I had to learn in a lesson was to colour correction, after been shown once and having spent some time testing different settings I’d started to gain some knowledge on how to do the colour changing and saturation mixing, now that I’ve done the task I would say that I’m confident in doing it again and have gained some skills in  how to do it and achieve the correct saturation and colors needed to make a color correction.

The main job for my video was to remove the colours that were not fitting with the video that I was trying to recreate, I had to make sure that all of the colors were darkened and blended with the grey look, I used the saturation from the tool “3 Colors RGB”, which was sliders that had its own saturation settings which I changed to make the video have the grayscale look to it. colour-grading-1When this tool was not powerful enough to remove all of the colors, I used the “Auto Changer” which was a more powerful grayscale which I could choose what amount of color was shown. When doing the grading to the video I decided to allow the graffiti on the walls to maintain their colour as it changed to look of the video and gave it another side which was creative.

When editing, a skill that I learned in the past in other projects are the transitions that are needed to make a video look a much better one. Although they are nothing big and don’t take much effort unless you’re looking for something specific, they can make a video look much better just by adding a simple add-on, in the videos that I’ve made I always use a fade in and a fade out as it makes it more easy and enjoyable for the viewer. Something else that is very useful and I’ve become more comfortable using, is the ‘picture in picture’ feature,picture-in-picture commonly used in most editing programs as an edit screen and the final cut screen. I used it in the program Premier Pro which has the feature and can save a lot of time as you don’t have to keep re-editing the final piece and cutting it back, which will ruin the timing and positioning of the clips.

I used it too manually edit frame by frame of my video to ensure the video was in sync and would not affect the eye if the black screen appeared of where the frame was skipped, the picture in picture made this a lot easier as I was able to quickly edit short clips of around 3 seconds and get the exact frames that I needed without having to affect the final cut. I think if I was to of ignored this feature and not learned how to use it, it would have set me back by a day or two. As I’ve used it for some time, I would comfortably say that I am able to use it to its full capability, making work look better by ensuring its edited to the perfection.

The pictures on the right are displaying one of the transitions, this is at the last few seconds of the video where it needs to fade with the song to give it a more soft look instead of an instant stop. At the same time the song starts to fade along with the black cover, this is a final close where the song and the output of the video is closed at the same time to give it a much more professional look and feel. I started to learn about the final fade when I was making a video in Unit 1 on Level 2 Media andtransitions-mixed Games Design, there are many other transitions that you can use in the video that can make it look better in some ways and can also purposely make a video look a little off to give it an effect, one of the transitions that I added was that the light in the video changed as the camera moved over the sun, this made it so that the rays from the lighting was not covering the whole screen and allowed the scenery viewable.

When it comes to skills in the pre-production, I think that I have most of it controlled, although I might take some time to figure it all out, it does not mean I don’t have a plan for what I’m going to do, whether its props or actors, ill have some sort of plan to make sure ive got what I need in order to do the task. An example of this was the last task that we did in Unit 1 where we were looking for an actor on the first day and looking for the props that we would need to make the video. At first I made a list of everything that I would need to make the video happen which was something that made the recording almost instantly happen, with the lists I had for what I had to do with my partner, we could get the shots we needed and not mess around doing things that would only waste time. I had around about 70 shots recorded on a shot list and 65 storyboard pictures to go along with the video which I don’t have a photo of, but it made the recording part and editing come together like a puzzle. The risk assessment was not so large as me and the actor were using the local areas outside the college to make the majority of the video. Anything that was a hazard was recorded and put in the list and assessed.

For the locations of the video, I had already figured some of them out just by looking around the local area and looking for places that would look the same on camera from different angles, I started with the local shots then moved on to getting the shots that were in other areas around where I lived and knew so that we would not lose time looking around for the shot. I wouldnt say that this is really a skill, more of an awareness skill I have, remembering places that could be useful and looking in places that are hidden so I can remember and locate a new shooting location for filming or photography. When looking for locations I needed to look at the music video at the same time to see if I could picture the filming being shot in my location and if they came close, me and my partner would travel there and get the shot and head to the next location, most of the locations that we travelled to for certain shots were perfect or the closest shot we could get without looking for too long or far.locations-mixed

For example one of the shots is under a bridge or some kind of tunnel, a long tunnel was needed for this shot to really capture the feeling that he was going under completely, the reason we found such a close shot was because I remembered where I use to live was a train track going above the bridge linking the town to the estate, this was the place where the shot was taken and was perfect for the scene, it also allowed us to take a few more shots from the video which helped a lot as we didn’t have to find another location for any of the shots we got.

When it comes to communication in my personal skills, I feel I am a very confident person as I am not afraid to give my opinion and suggestions to the group or people. When speaking to people or friends about work I can have a different speaking tone as its more serious and meaningful. I feel this is a skill as I can go from being myself to a more serious and dedicated person that is working to an aim or a purpose. I feel that in the right team I can work as a leader and make sure everyone has a task and meets it to get the rest of the group on track and headed to the deadline, having being the team leader in several tasks and events in my life, I’m capable of managing small or large groups of people. team-managment-1One of the first Units/Projects that I did in Level 2 Media and Games design was to make a video and I oversaw a small team of 4-5 people to get the task complete, although we had some problems mid-way as we merged 2 groups together and we had to re-plan what we’re going to do, we still managed to get the task complete on time and to a good standard.

When it comes to presenting something that I am going to do or have done, I make it as simple as possible, this makes it flow more and have less jumping to different points and gets the key facts out straight. Unless I’m doing a detailed write up of something like a job in the industry I’ll go into detail or something that needs to be explained more and gone into detail on. When I’m doing a smaller presentation for something that I’m just showing an idea or my design I use bullet points as its easier to follow and understand, being straight to the point it also makes the presentation smaller and less time meaning I’m not speaking about the same thing for a time that is not needed. The PowerPoints that I’ve done in the past have been with a group of around 2-4 people which means that we need to have a more detailed PowerPoint as we’re trying to pitch something and must show all the aspects of what it is we’re speaking about.

 

This is an example of a simple PowerPoint which was made in Level 2 to pitch my music video that I had to do for Unit 1, speaking about the very basic of what I was going to do and what my intentions were,presentation-1 I find this is something that I have come to gain skill over the years of presenting to/for tasks that I’ve been set and still learn more on today on how to make them look more professional and formal. From doing level two i have improved my skill over the year by looking into other ways of making a simple presentation look visually impressive with the transitions and how the information is shown to the person that is viewing the presentation, i looked into ways that would make sure that the people/person viewing my presentation understood what i was trying to say and could follow my trial of thought. From the first presentation that i made it was simple and plain with normal transitions and was easy for people to lose the trail of thought i was showing them, from my improvements i have learned that its best to have something that is visually pleasing and is going to change every slide to make sure people kept the concentration and could see something visually and connect with what i was trying to tell them, an interactive presentation is worth the time and effort as it has a greater outcome to the audience and is more memorable. The program that i learned to use new presentation was ‘Prezi’ as it allows me toscreen-shot-2016-12-13-at-12-14-28 make an interactive presentation that is simple for me as i made it but when viewed by others, to have a creative aspect to it which is something i’ve learned is key when doing PowerPoints as it keeps the audience interested and engaged to the text.

Skills that I would like to develop in the future would be everything that I have already, but to a much higher level, focusing on cameras and photography which is something I would like to take to the next level and make my own blog on for personal use to show my work and what I can do, using Photoshop to edit photos the correct way is also something that I would like to get into and learn more about, as it gives a photo much more life and I can make it have the characteristics I want it too have, focusing on the skill ‘colour grading’ i over the next year at college i aim to be able to colour grade to a high level in order to make my photos or videos more pleasing to look at and to add the effect that it looks more ‘professional’ and will be a key thing in the future as it will be needed in most aspects of work in the current media work industry. Another thing that I really need to improve on for future projects is ‘sounds’ as I’ve never really worked on sound editing before but is something I should to make my audio quality much better, this is something that I’ve never visited as I’ve not had a task where I have needed to edit sound other than adding a transition to the music video I created which is not really sound editing, for my improvements for the future, i will be looking at this especially in Unit 5&6 as we’ll be making an audio based documentary, this is something that will massively improve my ability in the ‘sound’ section of my places i need to improve and what i would like to be able to do by the time i leave the Level 3 course. However I will need to use some other programs other than Photoshop and Premier Pro, what I mean by that is I need to use new programs like, InDesign and others that can be useful for the work that I am doing as Photoshop can be less effective for some tasks yet I still use it as it’s something I feel comfortable with. The way I am going to improve on the things that I’ve listed for my development is by practicing on future tasks or in my own time so I can get use to them and feel the same as them as I do on the programs I use regularly. This will help in the future as it will mean the output of my work will be better quality as I’m using the correct program for that work/task. On Premier Pro, I would like to improve on the my abilities when it comes to colour grading videos and making sure the video looks clear and is to the quality that i want, this is something that i will learn over the 2 years at college as multiple tasks will use the Premier Pro and to make the highest grade i will need to be able to colour grade the videos to a high level. The skills that i have mentioned in the

When doing photography in the future I need to improve on my framing skill, making sure that I learn the frame scale and what’s in the frame its self, with recent photos I’ve taken some objects were in the frame which I did not remove and would have ruined the shot if I was planning on using it. Since I might be interested in taking photography to further education it’s something I need to improve on for the future. With filming, also being something that I could take to further education I need to improve on my recording skills and capabilities when filming for the future.

For my future job, I would need to be highly skilled in photography and Photoshop as I would like to be a photographer for newspapers or any sort of media related subject, with it being such a packed industry I would need to be able to capture all the things to make a good photo and be successful. Using Photoshop will be a big part of the future job I would be interested in as its editing photos that I’ve taken or other people have taken and fixing them to be the perfect photo. To get into the industry and make a living from it I would have to gain experience by practicing ever where I can and trying to get better at capturing shots, I could also get known by sending my photos into news agencies to get my name recognised, this would be a path into the industry which would get me a long-term job doing what I love. As I don’t want to put all my hope into one job role, I still have ideas for other job role such as directors or any other key role in the business, I know that experience is needed but I would be willing to spend the time and effort to get the job role as it would be a dream to produce a high-end film to be published in a cinema.

If I was to do everything that I have spoken about to a high level of skill and capability, it would ensure that I could go to University and have further education in the subject if my portfolio was also to a high quality, this is something that I would be interested in doing as it would push me forward in the industry and skip doing some of the slower methods of achieving my career dream of being a director or a professional photographer. Having the skills that I have now and other skills that’s I’ve spoke about would get me a job in the industry with a good salary which is something that I also aim for in my career, something that can make a good living for an adult. I feel that the stage I’m at right now would not be enough to reach university but with the next 2 years being able to aid me in getting better and learn new things I believe that at the end of the course I will have a good chance of getting a placement in a University where I can take further education related to media. With the media world being one of the fastest growing industries due to everyone using it, I would have to bring something new to the table to get a job at a high-end company, something that I would be aiming for another job which would be a dream would to be a designer of some sort for a company such as Google which I’ve always had a dream to do, with it being such a common place for people to want to work I would need to learn all the skills I already know but to the best possible ability which is something I would be willing to do to get a placement at that company as it would be anyone’s dream to work for them. Although being a freelancer is also something that I would be looking at doing, something I’ve always wanted to do as my family have a common thing in being self-employed, freelancing photographer would be something I would be mainly aiming for in my career dreams, being based mainly off experience the job would take a few years to get kick-started, something that I would like to do as a freelancer is being a wedding photographer as it would allow me to have freedom in what I do and when I do it (one of the advantages of being a freelancer). Learning about freelancing and being taught all my life by my parents it’s something I will most defiantly try to get into and start my own business.

 

 

Lesson 5

Fair Use Policy

 

In the fair use policy there are 3 different cases, being; free use, fair dealing, or fair practice. Fair Use is a way that they can make the copy right claim fair for both sides, this involves; free speech, news reporting. All these are only used if the copyright law against the case is too restrictive.

The way people can use this system is they can show a source of information to support their case, as long as the document is in the right of fair dealing. The material must be quoted and information that is not helpful or useful is removed, they must show the name of the author and the copyright law along with it.

 

In a more basic form, this means that instead of the court having a one sided copyright claim, the opposite side of the case can have a word and defend themselves, this is the use of a fair use policy. They can supply word documents, which have to be quoted, none modified and shown who the author is, they may also request for the news to use their availability in their jobs to make the case for other people to make a decision on and what the public think about it. They must have their own copyright permission to use the documents that they will supply to the court judge.

 

Fair Use of Copyright is not effective?

The downside of the copyright fair use law is that the Lawyers of the content that is been used mainly control it. The writers and any other high up role for the content don’t have a say. For example ‘Graham Linehan’ a comedian who was behind the scenes of IT Crowd, Father Ted and Black Books has said that in his experience the rules of the copyright are very restrictive. Any of the work he wants to try to remake, which he did the predator in a costume with a funny scene which set a copyright claim off and the makers of the costumers lawyers said they had no right to the Fair Use of Copyright and should pay the company for the use of the idea.

Even if the film/script is made some time after its been published, a company/person can claim that you’re not allowed to use the text even if you had evidence that you’re not intending to make it the same. Graham has a case where the name Predator was still having a right.

 

What are the reasons for and against Fair Use policy?

For;

  1. If something that has a copyright claim comes on the news, its not claimable as they’re not using it for their own good but to show others for fair use. Teachers can also use the same type of reason, they’re allowed to use the text books and copy from them as its educational.
  2. People have the right to use footage or a quote for a review as they’re not re-selling the copyrighted content.
  3. Allows the makers of the content to have a say in what happens to their work and if they want a claim or to let the people use it. (Most people are happy with you using as long as you’re not planning on reselling their making.
  4. Helps people get ideas from using their copyrighted content, this linking to the 1st point as its giving them some ideas and able to use that as the example without being sued for it.
  5. If its something minor and is not going to make the person ‘taking’ it famous, then it becomes un-fair but if they’re just using it for something of an idea or an aim, its a free pass for people to use the content without feeling like they’re going to be taken to court for it.

The ‘for’ said of the case it much easier as its a case of, allowing people to use content which they don’t intend to make their own money and make the author/producer lose money over time. For example, being a writer, most of it will be used if its related and there for must be fair-use as long as the author is happy with the outcome and they have not made it out of hand with aggressive or offensive material.

 

Against;

  1. One of the main against points is the actual definition of the word ‘Fair Use’, when researched you’ve given many reasons behind it and many other ways, you don’t know what the court judge is going to be following as its such an awkward case.
  2. Linking to the first point, the Fair Use can backfire horribly if you use in a way that looks intentionally made to create it into your own content. Most lawyers will take the person to court to see what the judge things which is going to cost both side £1000’s.
  3. Anything other that documents it a lot more awkward as its an actual thing, for example a prop that the comedian ‘Graham Linehan’ wanted to use is the face from predator to recreate a comedian shot of that scene. When the Lawyers of the predators costume designers found out they immediately make a none-use of the law ‘fair-use’ and demanded either money or a case in court for the costume piece or idea.
  4. Another problem with fair use is that it it can come at anytime, the same person ‘Graham Linehan’ had made the scene with the predator and as he was still doing the shots, he was sued for the name that he referred to as the ‘predator’ which was the reference to the film. (he was intending to do this and do later copyright permissions). The Lawyers make a court case and went through and made Graham change the name of the scene to ‘alien bounty hunter’. Which is just what he is but a li

The problem which you have with the Fair Use policy is that its very unstable and can change to the basis of the case, wether its a document and was intentional or if it was just used to make a review to show or a write up, some of the lawyers will take you down to court for it to make some extra from for the year. The larger more dangerous ones being the props and storylines as the ones that can get you in some big trouble with some high end lawyers. As you’re using the content to recreate something of your own based off of their idea, its not allowed by lawyers or producers that think they’ll lose money.

 

 

Homework

From all of the information that i have gathered from the ‘fair use policy’, i feel that in some cases its acceptable to use someones else’s work as an example or a review as long as you’re not using it to re-sell or advertise, as long as you’re only using it for your own education their is nothing that can be done to prevent you from doing this.. Certain things such as props, names and books are content that you don’t want to be trying to use freely to get as the lawyers need to see clear evidence that you wont be showing this as your own or selling it on for money (leading producers/authors to lose money). They will also look to see if your work at the final product looks anything like theirs and if they find something it will be terminated and investigated for copyright marks.

Also i feel that its not worth trying to get rights to something that is not going to be accepted. as they can be a mix between, complicated situation and  depending on what you’re using the content for and the scale of the content, its not work going down the long road paying for the content to be allowed to be used, when they’re going to try to get money from you even for the small things. Things like songs or mini videos are no long allowed to be used as the makers are not getting paid which leads the court to get involved, which leads to people spending masses amount of money to get the case finished.

As for the definition of the fair use policy stands, i feel that its an effective way of making sure copyright content is being allowed to be used for students like myself to be able to freely use the content and not be sued £1000’s just so we can add it to our projects. Being able to use content from the news is something else that is a powerful one as it means we don’t have to ask them if we can use the information that they are giving out for people to view and use. Also the law allowing the news to take copyright footage or claimed material and feely show it to the public to allow us too see and understand what is going on. This is something that has changed the world in many ways…

 

 

 

Lesson 4

What is and how long does it take to be come ‘Royalty Free’?

Any song that was produced in the time of 1923 to 1977 have a public domain of 95 years protection, if the song is published 1978 onward, the song is protected for 70 years after the artist has died. Counting from the last member of the group/band this is mainly American artists.

In European countries some of the artists can claim up to 70 years also of protection and also protection for 50 years after they have died…

With the film Dracula and Nosferatu, were in a battle of their own involving copyright terms and the right to the movie. When the WWII soldier decided he wanted to make a film including vampires after he was speaking to some of the farmers in Serbia about the lore… 1916 was the year he had the idea and that’s when he found a company to agree with the film and create it, they started to write the film scripts and plan what was going to happen, the only problem was is that Grau wanted to make the film based around the book of Dracula but by making it a film. As he asked for permission from the book writers Florence Stoker would not sell the copyrights for the book to allow Grau to fulfill his dream in making the story of Dracula.

Grau took no notice of the copyright claims on the book, as he would have had to wait until 1962 until he could of shot the film. He was not willing to wait for this time so he decided to go ahead and make the film. In 1921 the film started to come together and the first production started.

Lesson 3

The difference between Final Cut and Adobe Premiere are speed and effectiveness. Where are Final cut has a much faster program which is faster and an easy user interface which is what most people will be looking for, Photoshop has a much more effective program which is more powerful, although it’s a little harder to navigate through the settings and find what you want it will produce a more stable outcome.People favor Adobe now as they’re moving forward faster and is multi-tasking with the other Adobe programs which is a bonus as they all link perfectly together.Older video makers will favor Final Cut as its more organized and you can filter through all of your work and locate folders/clips a lot faster, being more clean has made it still one of the most common one in the market today.

The Difference between Photoshop, Illustrator and InDesign are what the outcome you’re looking for is. Starting with Photoshop its used to edit photos and changing how a photo looks in general, when it comes down to text, Photoshop is not the one to go for, as its not specialized in using text in pictures the outcome is not what you expect it to be, the best program for making an image with text and being published is Illustrator as it is specialized in creating photos with text in it and still looking amazing, most designers will use it to create web graphics, web designs or documents that you want to make look more then the average Word. It uses Photoshop in the background to change photos and automatically edit them to stretch and resize them, which is a bonus, and you have 2 programs in 1. On the other hand you have Adobe InDesign, which is more for complex book layouts, as it’s specialized in producing high quality documents like, presentations PDF pictures, Word Documents… This program makes the normal look outstanding with its features, although its like a copy of Illustrator its got the ability to hold more pages and keep the amazing look and still organized, this program is not made for doing main work on as its missing a few features that can be key to what you’re doing… Illustrator may be less organized and harder to navigate around but does everything you want.

The difference between 3Ds Max and Solid Works 3D is down to how far you want to go into 3D drawing or video editing.Where as 3DS Max has the full 3D package with; 3D Animation, 3D   modeling and texturing, 3D rendering, Dynamics and effects and UI workflow and pipeline, being as powerful as it is, its made for making games modeling with its plugins and to a very-high quality, with its ability to skin, render physical camera its used very much by the professional industry, made for inventors to make their designs and test what it will look like, all these features make it a more powerful program over Solid Works… On the other hand Solid Words, has a much more friendly userface for new designers and less experienced, having less of a 3D feature bases program is does give outstanding 2D results at the same time as 3D,  its more of a mulit-program as its linked to 3 other programs which work together to make the output of your work. The other problem with SolidWorks is the pricing for the program, as you have to pay to get the better features it puts it at a downfall as people don’t want to be paying £100’s in order to make a small 3D design. Having a standard edition, professional and Premium which works as, the better the service the more you can do and unlock… Opinionatd reviews show that Solid is a more basic version of the 3D max, as 3D Max has 4 vie ws for the designer with infinite buttons  which you can change yourself to make it easier, it has a tutorial for every buttom on the program which will help people out when looking for something that they need.

Lesson 2

Freelance Work

(Pros and cons)

 

Websites For Media Jobs:

 

  1. http://www.indeed.co.uk/Freelance-Media-jobs
  2. https://www.gumtree.com/media-design-creative-jobs/uk/freelance
  3. https://www.upwork.com/o/jobs/browse/skill/social-media-marketing/

 

 

  1. The first website which is Indeed.co.uk is a very common job website as many companies use it to advertise and where newspaper jobs are published, also having a user friendly website where all it needs is a location and a job title, its no hassle for anyone to use, you can select what ever you want, down to the hours and the salary you want.

Through the website you can contact the companies advertising which they manage for you to save you time and also the website can auto-sign you up for a job that it thinks is for you.

With the design of the website being so simple, it gives it the look of it being professional and serious. They’re not showing the website off they are just being a service for you.

 

  1. The second website being Gumtree.com, they have a less user friendly system, although it does the same job as the Indeed.co.uk, it has adds blocking the adverts for the companies which make people looking for the job put off, the system is the same as in search bar and location, its got pictures to show the jobs logo and what the shop looks like. Its less professional in my opinion with the adds having pictures related to jobs that you have not searched for or not in the area you’re looking for, the color scheme for the website is green and white which is a fancy color and can be professional.

You have less options with the salary and hours, which is a downside as you cant find what you really want in the job you’re looking for… other then that its 24/7 updated for people to use and has an auto-job sender to your email.

 

  1. The last website being UpWord.com which is a advertising website for jobs, this website is mainly used to sell other people looking for jobs but still has the option to look for jobs on its services, the downside to the website is that it has some confusing buttons which may put people off, this mainly to make it look better and advertise itself, as its more of a independent website which could be classed as private as its free-lancers only on it, its hard to navigate around the web which is what it says in the review for the site, people found it hard to find a job as there was so much advertisement for other people looking for jobs, this one seems to be the lower one of the three as its too advanced for people that just want to find and a job and apply.

 

Freelance and Non-Freelance

 

Definition:

The meaning of freelancer is simply someone who doesn’t work for one company full-time but is hired by multiple companies to do jobs for them, for example; Magazine or Websites which involves a bunch of freelancers coming together to create it or a freelancer to join a team for a small time. They can be hired to do a one-off job for the company.

 

The Advantages:

When being a freelancer it means you have no Boss so you don’t have to do anything that you don’t want to do yourself, the main reason people do freelancing is so that you can work from home in the comfort of your own living space, as long as the project is handed in most companies don’t mind letting you do it at home.

When working for a company you get a salary, but for a freelancer you can make the salary yourself as you control the contract that you have made. Overall freelancers tend to make more money due to the rates, which they can charge. The reason this is a thing is that, the companies don’t have to pay for sick leave and holiday leaves so they are willing to pay the freelancers more which is just a bonus, having a lot of experience can mean you make more money as they can trust you to get the job done to a high standard which is when you can ask for more since your services are much higher.

 

Disadvantages:

Being a freelancer can mean waiting for work for days, weeks or even months on end until they pick you up, as you don’t work for anyone they some times wont offer you the job, even if you are full qualified with years of experience, you need to be known, marketing yourself is key as they wont know you’re there if you don’t tell them.

The deadline can not be changed as the company set it and you have to work towards it, even if you have multiple ones, you must meet them or else you’ll be given negative feedback and wont be asked to help them again, this is because the work they give you is unpredictable as you wont get a word in advance you’ll just be given the work and a deadline to do it by.

The payment for a freelancer can be slower as you don’t have someone managing your work money, you’ll have to contact the Inland Revenue and get your national insurance details agreed with and sorted. You wont be paid for sick days and holidays so you have to manage the money well for times when you don’t have a job, making sure you’ve got a back up plan for everything you do it crucial.

 

freelance-table-1

Overall, freelancing is becoming increasingly more popular over the years are it means people are working independent and earning more which is how the world evolves today, although it seems like its a life worth living, becoming a successful one needs a range of skills and some skills don’t come easy, some of the key things that control the independence is the money you make and have to control, being able to account everything you do is something key to working freelance, needing to estimate the price of a job and solving the problems on a daily basis, finding out research on the job you’re doing and working around the market to get the supply you need, these are some of the key skills. One of the biggest problems today is the networking of your name and your services, allowing people to know you can project manage everything you as freelance work and sales related tasks which will allow you too be known in the business, along with all of these skills you need to be able to handle stress on a high level, negotiating with others in order to find an agreement in the work you are doing is something that is highly noticeable which also comes with the task of communicating with others and learning how others work and if they could become a team with your company, all of these skills come together to make a successful freelancer and is something that most people will try to gain in order to make a living and do as they desire.

 

 

 

 

 

Lesson 1

04/10/2016

Lesson 1 – In lesson 1, i looked at 10 jobs that were related to the media world, i got the jobs by looking at the screen credits of the film “The Martian”, when i had my 10 i then had to chose 3 of them and explain them in detail of what their purpose is and their relationships with the rest of the media job tree.

The Martian – Unit 3

Job Roles From Credits:

  1. Swing Gang
  2. Best Boy Grip
  3. Key Grip
  4. Break Away Technician
  5. Creature FX TD – Frame store
  6. Match move artist
  7. Foley
  8. CG Supervisor
  9. VFX
  10. Video Assistant

Foley

It’s a Foleys job to fill in the sound effects on a film or a video. Making sounds that in studios are not possible, possible.

On a day-to-day basis the Foley will make hundreds of recordings for different sounds, such as footsteps, banging, crashing and other forms of sounds.

As a Foley, you will be working with and for the sound industry of the film or the video that you are making the sounds for, mostly being related to the sound effects and making sure you both have the same idea.

The education needed for the job is very low, as it’s a job related to sounds around you, you don’t need to go to further education you just need to know how to make many sounds and to learn this you must experiment yourself. ( You don’t need to go to university to work as a Foley, you just need to be noticed).

The work that you will need to do to be able to get the job is self-training and been taught by other Foley workers. There are classes where you can train with veteran Foleys. But this is not needed as you can just keep practicing until someone notices you.

As this is a low paid job generally, companies are looking for multiple people to do one video as it means they can do it at a better pace and get to the final product at a better pace.

http://getinmedia.com/careers/foley-artist

Best Boy

  • The best boy is short for the ‘best electrician’ in the team of cameramen; he is lead by the ‘Gaffer’, which is the chief lighting technician. The main role for the job is making sure everything is in order and the times for delivery are on the right time, checking to make sure everything works for the team to do their job.

On a day-to-day basis you will go around fixing and checking everything works for the camera crew to do their shots needed and make sure all deliveries at the right drop off point and putting them in place. They give orders to the lighting team as where they should be and where to do the lighting.

When working as the ‘best boy’ you will be connected with multiple people/roles in the days, mainly you are the ‘Gaffers’ right hand, speaking to the first assistant director, talking to the special effects director or the art director. The best boy can be in charge of all these roles if the ‘Gaffer’ asks him to, making sure they all do their jobs at the right time.

In order to get the job you need to have years of experience, being the leader of 3 teams or more, you must be able to handle stress and motivate them all, you don’t really need to go to University in order to get the job, although it will increase the chances of you being one, you could have years of experience and fit the job. You’ll need to have some sort of education in being an electrician, have health and safety training and have lighting skills to aid the team in the work they are doing.

The work experience you will need is something that involves team work, where you’ve been the leader of a team and gave people roles on what they should be doing, another one is being an electrician, this is key as its going to be the main part of your job as the ‘Best Boy’ and lighting will be needed which can come with experience from the job.

http://www.media-match.com/usa/media/jobtypes/best-boy-jobs-402682.php

Sound Technician

  • A sound technician has the role of making sure that the voices and background noises are recorded on the set of either TV or a filming studio, after that they are in charge of making the audio cut, putting everything together to make the final piece.

On a day-to-day basis you’ll be working with lots of equipment and people, from the start of the day settings all the gear up and making sure its all working as it should, placing the microphones and speakers where the sound designers tell you too, monitoring the sound quality of the recordings, playing live music and other sounds/videos into live broadcast.

In this job you’ll be working with a range of people, from sound teams to filming teams ensuring you get the best quality and output from the equipment you’ve got. Working with actors to advise them where they should be speaking too and that linking into the sound supervisor. Working with the sound team to move sounds to fit the video, balancing the speech and effects in the audio.

The pathways to get to this job involve being use to sound editing and sound media, which is making sounds from scratch using programs.

To get into a high end sound Technician you will need some sort of degree in sound engineering, music technology, media technology or technical theatre, meaning yes you will need to go to university in order to get into this job and earn a good salary for it. Another key thing to have is Creative Media Production, to have skill in media and how to create high quality sounds and edit sounds in and out of clips.

If you do not want to go down the university route, you will need some sort of work experience in the BBC, ITV or the Channel 4 with sound engineering, these 3 companies set up talent days where people can go to them and learn about the different careers and practice on non-live sets.

https://nationalcareersservice.direct.gov.uk/advice/planning/jobprofiles/Pages/tvorfilmsoundtechnician.aspx

Color Grader/Colorist

  • Being a colorist, you will be expected to play the role of finishing the film/video, in the job you will be a member of the post-production team, creating high quality, stylistically consistent, expertly color-graded video and graphics for what ever the task you have been set.

On a day-to-day basis you will be creating filters for the video and making the video as close to what the Creative Director has asked for, fulfilling the needs to get the final product perfect.

In this job you will be working close with the Creative Director and Director of Photography along with the producer… as there is so many people you will be meeting with and working for to get the best possible film or video, this is a high-end job in the industry.

The path-ways that lead to the jobs require years of training and learning, this job does not need you too do years of education at university its more based off of what you know and your ability to do what the job is looking for.

Although you can do it yourself, you have a much higher chance of getting a high-end job in color grading if you study it at college and university, this includes doing specialized training and education in color grading/shading, you will need to come out with a specialty of either, Resolve/Base light/Flame/Smoke or Nuke, knowing multiple programs such as Acid Symphony and Adobe Premiere.

To get the job of a Color Grader, you can have as little as 1 year of experience, or up to 10+ years of experience, certain companies want people with masses amount of experience to ensure they get the best quality of out you as a worker, other companies will recruit people with less years of experience so that they don’t have to pay as much as a veteran and can also see what you can do and to give you more experience in working for them. The main thing is that you have an amazing portfolio and work to show the jobs what you can do at your ability.

Speaking about the main job role in the industry, the one everything links to is the film maker himself, having the plans and the ideas for the thing you’re working for… a famous one is Paul Greengrass, someone who has made some of the greatest films in the industry. One of the interviews he had, he mentioned how he works and what processes he goes through to make a film, and how he gets the idea in the first place, he has quite a strong opinion when it comes down too the younger generations, he made an exclusive interview with The Guardian on what he thinks about film makers in the generations to come:

https://www.theguardian.com/film/2016/apr/05/paul-greengrass-young-people-breakthrough-brits-bafta

media-job-roles

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